During his remarks at the high level segment of the General Assembly’s 70th period of sessions, Raúl advocated for a more fair and equitable international order, one focused on human beings, their dignity and well-being.
He recalled that, 70 years ago in the name of the world’s peoples, the UN Charter was signed, and a commitment was made to protect future generations from the scourge of war.
Nevertheless, he said, wars of aggression, interventions in the internal affairs of states, the violent overthrowing of sovereign governments, soft coups and re-colonization have been constant since that time.
The Cuban President noted that non-conventional war techniques and the use of new technology have been perfected, often under the pretext of supposed human rights violations, saying that the militarization of cyberspace and the use of new technology to attack other states are unacceptable.
Raúl said that he respects human rights, and decried the continued use of the issue in a selective, discriminatory fashion to justify and impose political decisions.
The causes of conflicts are to be found in poverty and inequality generated first by colonialism and plunder, and later by imperialism, he added.
Raúl noted that the UN Charter and the fundamental rights it defends, continue to be a utopia for millions of people.
He recalled that there are still 781 million illiterate adults in the world, and that 17,000 children die, every day, as a result of curable diseases, while military spending has surpassed 1.7 trillion dollars.
Only a fraction of this amount, he said, would be sufficient to solve the most pressing problems of humanity.
Even in developed countries, he added, the welfare society which boasted of being an example for the world has disappeared.
Electoral systems and traditional parties, which depend on money and advertising, are increasingly oblivious to and removed from the aspirations of the world’s peoples, he said.
The Cuban President emphasized that climate change is threatening the existence of humanity, and must be addressed on the basis of shared but differentiated responsibility.
The consequences of climate change are particularly devastating for island countries and their fragile economies, as is also the case in Africa which is experiencing increased desertification, he added.
He criticized the irrational and unsustainable consumerism of capitalism.
Raúl highlighted the creation of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) in his remarks, especially its January, 2014, proclamation of the region as a Zone of Peace.
He said this declaration showed that, despite our differences, we can advance toward unity and identify shared goals within our diversity, a comment which generated applause in the General Assembly.
He reaffirmed Cuba’s solidarity with Venezuela, in the face of attempts to subvert the country’s constitutional order and destroy the work of Hugo Chávez, being continued by President Nicolás Maduro to the benefit of the people.
Raúl likewise reiterated Cuba’s solidarity with the Citizen’s Revolution in Ecuador led by President Rafael Correa, who has become the target of the same kinds of destabilization attempts deployed against other progressive governments in the region.
The Cuban President reaffirmed Cuba’s support to the demand of Caribbean nations to be compensated for slavery.
He likewise expressed the conviction that Puerto Rico deserves its freedom and independence.
He reiterated Cuba’s support of Argentina with respect to the Malvinas Islands, and of President Dilma Rousseff’s defense of stability and social gains in Brazil.
On the other hand, he denounced NATO’s intention of extending its presence to Russia’s borders, and the application of unilateral sanctions on that country.