Creating a methodology that allows for the identification of the frequency and intensity of hurricanes that have hit the country in the past is one of the aims of the scientific project “Evaluation of Paleoclimates and Paleo-hurricanes in Cuba and the Caribbean in the Last 10,000 Years Based on High-Resolution Speleothem Records”, whose initial workshop will be held this Tuesday, March 21, at Havana’s Natural History Museum (MNHNC).

 Professor Jesús Pajón Morejón, curator and researcher at this institution, attached to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, and head of the abovementioned project, which forms part of the national program “Climate Change in Cuba: Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation”, told Granma that in order to achieve this goal, researchers will study the traces left by these natural phenomena in the growth bands of stalagmites present in certain caves to the west of the Cuban archipelago.

Beyond obtaining information on the incidence of hurricanes and their presumed force in the aforementioned time frame, the results of these efforts will be extremely useful in evaluating possible recurrence intervals or return periods, especially in the case of particularly strong hurricanes.

Also participating in the project are specialists from the Climate Center of the Institute of Meteorology, and the Universities of Auburn and Alabama, in the United States.

During recent decades, paleoclimatology has awakened a distinct interest globally, on demonstrating how temperatures and rainfall have evolved in the different historical periods of the planet.

Thus, for example, it is now known that the world’s climate has never been stable, it has naturally varied throughout its existence, and will continue to do so in the future, regardless of how much it may be influenced by human activity.
The same is true of intense hurricanes and other extreme weather events.